I SISTEMI DI PROTEZIONE AMBIENTALE DI ECUADOR E BOLIVIA E L’AFFERMAZIONE DEI DIRITTI DELLA NATURA
This monograph aims to analyze environmental protection systems of Ecuador and Bolivia. In these systems, there is a transition from anthropocentrism to biocentrism. In particular, nature becomes a subject of rights. These systems are the result of the reflections that emerged in political and legal debates, due to the entry of the values of the indigenous peoples’ culture, where nature is of considerable importance. The author investigates the genesis of these environmental protection systems and how the cultures of the peoples who make up the States found equal space to express their values. The environmental protection systems of Ecuador and Bolivia appear as complete: legal systems recognize nature as a subject, affirm its rights and there is a wide range of judicial instruments and actions to claim in respect of them. After analyzing these systems in all their parts, the author addresses the issues that emerged. From the analysis carried out in this monograph, the fact that emerges is that the rights of nature constitute an effective way to defend the environment. Culture becomes the key to dealing with current environmental questions and contributes to the evolution of law. Law is able to renew itself, abandon anthropocentric logics, rethink categories and build two new and complete environmental protection systems.
MODELING LANDSLIDE HAZARD IN THE ESINO RIVER VALLEY (CENTRAL ITALY)
Modeling landslide hazard is among the forecast activities of the Civil Protection system. Usually, scientific literature that aims to determine rainfall thresholds for the possible occurrence of landslides, tends to rely on two main separate approaches: empirical and physical models. This research contributes to such debate by adopting both the approaches, after integrating some of the each other features. This novel methodology has been applied to the landslides affecting the eastward Esino River Valley, located in the Marche region (central Italy). Post-orogenic quaternary sediments, with approximatively similar hydrogeological properties and prone to rainfall-induced shallow landslides, characterize this 550 km2 wide area.
This volume is divided in four sections focusing on: i) the validation of the correlation between historical landslides and rainfall series; ii) the application of empirical models, namely the cumulative event – duration, the maximum intensity – duration, the mean intensity – duration, and the Bayesian methods; iii) the application of the US Geological Survey’s Transient Rainfall Infiltration and Grid-based Regional Slope-stability (TRIGRS) physical model; iv) the testing of all the above models, during a rainfall event that affected the study area on 2-4 May 2014 and triggered several landslides.
Results of this research are proposed as possible decision support tools for landslide warning.
L’HOMME DU MONDE
ou « NOUS AUTRES »
Pour une nouvelle alliance entre les vivants
Publication: December 2020
Western humanism is constituted (anthropologically, historically, philosophically) on a double differentiation-minimization-worsening: internal (managing intrahuman differences: give / men, them/us, whites/blacks, civilized/primitive), and external to the separation from the non-human: (natural nature, Being, the animal …). The COVID-19/lockdown crisis highlights the limits of our neoliberal system of world domination and management, even in our way of thinking. To exit the crisis, there must be a transformation of our relationship with the world, re-thinking the position of humans on the planet. The unconditional hospitality of all human and non-human beings is the possibility to change our attitude towards all beings while facing the announced apocalypses of the Anthropocene. Philosophy, anthropology, epistemology, genre, art are all summoned for a New Alliance. The artist Armand Scholtès embodies the image of the new “man of the world”.
COSTA CONCORDIA ACCIDENT
New ways to improve
safety at sea
Publication: May 2020
Accidents have been part of the maritime industry since its beginning. Early attempts to reduce accidents were engineering in nature, even though since the early 1990s the focus has shifted progressively on the role of human behavior and how that behavior factors into casualties. This research approaches the human factor in maritime accidents from multiple perspectives considering interactions among individual, organizational and regulatory levels, to propose eventually a new leadership model for maritime emergency management. This volume is divided in three sections focusing on: i) the multilevel interactions that lead to the Costa Concordia accident and affected the unfolding of the emergency; ii) the rupture of the communication flows consequent to the failure of the chain of command, iii) weaknesses and strengths of current leadership and communication procedures. The proposed alternative leadership model, corroborated also through a focus group discussion organized at the Cyprus Institute of Marketing, is a combination of the current command and control vertical structure with a more horizontal leadership in which responsibilities, during a maritime emergency, are shared between the captain and other top officers.
L’EMERGENZA CLIMATICA IN ITALIA
Dalla percezione del rischio alle strategie di adattamento
Publication: February 2020
The changes in the Earth’s climate observed in recent decades have increased the frequency and intensity of certain natural hazards, exposing an increasing number of people to serious risks. To be effective, prevention and mitigation measures, in addition to the control and containment of these hazards, must include organizational and functional aspects of communities at risk. There is no doubt that adaptation is the key word for the correct balance between humans and their environment. This essay discusses the results of a research project about risk perception of local communities in Italy involved in the European project “Preventing flooding RIsks by Making resilient communitiES” (www.lifeprimes.eu).
Particular attention was paid to the perception of climate hazards and adaptation processes of such communities, highlighting similarities and differences related to geographical location. Results show a significant improvement in flood resilience for those communities involved in public meetings, exercises and other participatory processes. The study constitutes a strong theoretical basis from which to extend the analysis to other territories, providing the elements for a better management of climate risk in Italy.